An overview of Healthcare Information System

The health care industry has entered a new era: Patient empowerment. With the advent of this era, patients can get personalized healthcare services. This change came over the past decade owing to the advent of new technologies and innovations. Thanks to the innovators who have tirelessly worked towards bringing about a change in the healthcare industry.
Among the new technologies, the most recognized one is healthcare information systems. Today, from large hospitals to small hospitals, employ healthcare information systems to manage their records and give personalized healthcare to patients. By integrating healthcare information systems in place, hospitals can collect, store, manage, and transmit a patient’s electronic media record (EMR) to arrive at informed decisions.

 Patients and clinical practitioners alike get a host of benefits using Healthcare information systems. Since there are wide arrays of technologies that come under healthcare information systems, they can use it to cover every aspect of healthcare. 
Types of healthcare information systems are as follows:
Electronic Medical Record (EMR) and Electronic Health Record (EHR)
Using Electronic Medical records, hospitals can replace the paper version of the patient’s medical history. Electronic Medical Record (EMR) and Electronic Health Record (EHR) provide health data, test results, and treatments. This Healthcare system also allows sharing the records with other healthcare service providers to make the process easier.
Practice Management Software
Mainly used to manage daily operations such as scheduling and billing, Practice management software helps hospitals and small practices to automate many of the administrative tasks. By using practice management software, hospitals can manage their administrative tasks.
Master Patient Index (MPI)
Master Patient Index enables to connect separate patient record across databases. Not only does it reduce duplicate patient records but it also reduces patient information that can lead to claim denials.
 Patient Portals 
Patient portals are designed to allow patients to access their health data such as appointment information, medications, and other lab results. It enables active communication with their physicians and many other benefits.
Remote Patient Monitoring
Used for research purposes, it allows clinical practitioners to research certain diseases in a group of people residing in the same area. It can be used to monitor blood glucose levels and blood pressure of people with chronic diseases.
Since we have given you a comprehensive understanding of various healthcare information systems, let us delve into understanding the other benefits of Healthcare information systems.

Data Analytics: Data is the most valuable asset for every organization. However, managing and organizing an enormous amount of data is a difficult task. By using healthcare information systems, organizations can help gather, compile, and analyze health data to manage population health and reduce health care costs.
Collaborative care: We cannot meet all our healthcare needs from one healthcare service provider. We often need treatment from different healthcare service providers. This is where the healthcare information system comes handy. It allows healthcare facilities to access healthcare records.
Cost-effective: Healthcare information systems are not only an efficient tool but it is also cost-effective tools. When using healthcare information systems, we don’t have to worry about paperwork as well as costs.
Population health management: As healthcare information systems help to organize and manage data, it enables to aggregate patient data, analyze and identify trends in population.
While the benefits of using Healthcare information systems, the only concern of using it is security issues. That is why to keep systems secure and protect individual healthcare information; they have brought in the Health insurance portability and accountability act (HIPAA).
To comply with HIPAA, companies should train employees, encrypt data, back up data, monitor usage, buy insurance, access vendor vulnerability, and utilize multifactor authentication.
Not only does it improve the quality of healthcare delivery but it also increases patient safety, decreases medical errors and strengthens the relationship between patients and healthcare service providers. And the need for such systems is increasing daily, particularly in developing countries such as India. 
Developing countries like India are increasingly employing Healthcare information systems to improve the quality of healthcare delivered to patients. Famed for its key benefits, systems such as Electronic Health Records (EHR) have brought in revolutionary changes in the healthcare sector. Today, patients are receiving benefits such as better outcomes as it improves all aspect of patient care, including safety, effectiveness, patient-centered, communication, education, timeliness, efficiency, and equity.

Though many clinical practitioners associate with Healthcare information systems as something used for storage of patient records and tracking inventories, the benefits are not limited to patient records. When implemented in place, it can offer a wide range of benefits that can improve patients as well as clinicians’ outcomes. And the positive thing about the Healthcare Information system is that it has improved patient satisfaction.

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